Aircraft Engines

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Allison X-4520 RRHTAB front Allison X-4520 24-Cylinder Aircraft Engine - The 24-cylinder X-4520 engine was designed by the Power Plant Section at McCook Field and refined and built by Allison in 1925. A four-year delay before the engine was run left little interest to continue the project.
Antoinette VII with 100hp V-16 engine paris 1909 Antoinette (Levavasseur) Aircraft Engines - Léon Levavasseur’s V-8 and V-16 Antoinette aircraft engines powered the aircraft used by many early pioneer aviators in Europe.
The 24-cylinder Argus As 5. (Polish Aviation Museum Krakow image) Argus As 5 Aircraft Engine - With a displacement of 5,742 cu in (94.1 L), the Argus As 5 exemplified the 1920s concept of using a single large engine to power a large aircraft. The 1,500 hp (1,120 kW) engine was too large for contemporary aircraft.
Armstrong Siddeley Deerhound III Armstrong Siddeley ‘Dog’ Aircraft Engines - In the 1930s, Armstrong Siddeley started a new line of engines named after dogs (canines). Most of these engines were radials with banks of inline cylinders. The most famous engine of the series was the Deerhound.
Arsenal 24H rear Arsenal 24H and 24H Tandem Aircraft Engines - The Arsenal 24H was a post-WWII French aircraft engine that used many components from the Junkers Jumo 213. The 24H was capable of 4,000 hp (2,983 kW), but the dawn of the jet age made the engine obsolete.
The 4207 cu in (68.9 L), straight-six Beardmore Cyclone. Beardmore Cyclone, Typhoon, and Simoon Aircraft Engines - The Beardmore Cyclone, Typhoon, and Simoon were a series of powerful, straight six- and straight eight-cylinder aircraft engines built in Britain in the 1920s. The large size of the engines limited their use.
Beardmore Tornado Mk III Beardmore Tornado Diesel Airship Engine - The Beardmore Tornado was a 5,132 cu in (84.1 L), eight-cylinder, diesel engine that produced 650 hp (485 kw). Five Tornado engines powered the British R101 airship, which crashed in October 1930, killing 48 people.
Breguet-Bugatti 32A test Bréguet-Bugatti 32A and 32B Quadimoteurs - The Bréguet-Bugatti Quadimoteurs were named for their configuration of four essentially independent engines coupled together to create one powerful engine. The engines’ size and complexity limited their usefulness.
Clerget 16 H front Clerget 16 H Diesel Aircraft Engine - The Clerget 16 H was a V-16 fitted with four turbosuperchargers. First run in 1939, the engine displaced 4,969 cu in (81.43 L), produced 2,000 hp (1,491 kW), and was intended to power transatlantic passenger aircraft.
The Curtiss H-1640 Chieftain "hexagon" or "inline-radial" engine. On the left image, in front of each cylinder pair is the housing for the vertical shaft that drove the overhead camshafts. In the right image, note the baffle at the rear of each exhaust Vee of the engine that forced cooling air into the intake Vee. Curtiss H-1640 Chieftain Aircraft Engine - The Curtiss H-1640 Chieftain was a 600 hp (447 kW), 12-cylinder, air-cooled, inline radial aircraft engine. The engine was first run in 1927, but its overheating issues were never resolved.
daimler-benz-db602-zeppelin-museum Daimler-Benz DB 602 (LOF-6) V-16 Diesel Airship Engine - The DB 602 V-16 was a world-class diesel airship engine built by Daimler-Benz in the 1930s. Because of the ill-fated Hindenburg and the end of the airship era, the engine never left a direct mark on history.
Paradox side Deissner ‘Paradox’ Rotary Aircraft Engine - Designed by Charles Deissner of England, the Paradox rotary engine was an attempt to provide an improved power plant for early aviators.
Deschamps V 3050 inverted V-12 aircraft diesel engine of 1934. Deschamps V 3050 Diesel Aircraft Engine - The Deschamps V 3050 was an attempt to create a powerful diesel aircraft engine. The inverted V-12 engine produced 1,200 hp (895 kW) in 1934, but the lack of funds prevented the engine from being thoroughly tested.
Dobrynin VD-4K CPO Saturn Dobrynin M-250, VD-3TK, and VD-4K Aircraft Engines - Through and after WWII, Soviet engineer Vladimir Dobrynin developed a series of 24-cylinder aircraft engines. These inline radial engines had six cylinder banks and produced 2,200 to 4,300 hp (1,640 to 3,207 kW).
Duesenberg Aircraft Engines Duesenberg Aircraft Engines: A Technical Description - Authored by William Pearce, Duesenberg Aircraft Engines: A Technical Description describes the aircraft engines from this nearly forgotten chapter in Duesenberg and aviation history.
fiat-a38-rc15-45-v-16-engine FIAT A.38, A.40, and A.44 Aircraft Engines - The last piston aircraft engines designed by FIAT were unique and innovative. However, the V-16, X-24, and X-32 engines never entered production due to WWII and because existing engines proved sufficient.
FIAT AS.6 FIAT AS.6 Aircraft Engine (for the MC.72) - The FIAT AS.6 engine ultimately produced 3,100 hp (2,312 kW) and was used to propel the MC.72 to 440.682 mph (709.209 km/h). But development of the 24-cylinder engine was plagued with issues and cost several lives.
FIAT AS8 V-16 side FIAT AS.8 Engine and CMASA CS.15 Racer - Powered by the 2,250 hp (1,678 kW) FIAT AS.8 V-16 engine, the Italian CMASA CS.15 racer was intended to set a new world speed record for aircraft, but WWII prevented the aircraft from being completed.
FKFS Gruppen-Flugmotor A mockup copy FKFS Gruppen-Flugmotor A, C, and D - The FKFS Gruppen-Flugmotor A, C, and D were attempts to create powerful, 48-cylinder aircraft engines for German WWII bombers.
Moore three valve engine General Airmotors / Moore Three Valve Aircraft Engine - In the late 1929, Robert Moore built a 150 hp (112 kW), five-cylinder, radial engine that used three valves per cylinder. Lack of sales during the Great Depression resulted in the engine being discontinued.
Hispano-Suiza 18Sbr Hispano-Suiza 18R and 18Sb Aircraft Engines - The Hispano-Suiza 18R and 18Sb were a series of high-performance W-18 aircraft engines. The engines displaced 3,300 cu in (54.1 L) but never developed the intended 1,680 hp (1,253 kW).
Hispano-Suiza 24Y Type 90 side Hispano-Suiza 24Y (Type 82 and Type 90) Aircraft Engine - Based on the Hispano-Suiza 12Y, the 24Y was an attempt to create a 2,200 hp (1,641 kW) H-24 engine. The start of WWII changed priorities for the French company, and the engine was abandoned.
Hispano-Suiza 24Z left Hispano-Suiza 24Z (Type 95) Aircraft Engine - Drawing inspiration from the 24Y engine, Hispano-Suiza developed the 24Z. The jet age made the large, 3,600 hp (2,685 kW) H-24 engine obsolete.
Fuel being burnt as it is injected into a diesel cylinder. (Bosch image) Inside the Cylinder of a Diesel Engine – by Harry Ricardo - Sir Harry Ricardo was one of the foremost engine designers and researchers of the internal combustion engine. In this article, he takes us through the first moments of combustion in a diesel engine.
Junkers Jumo 223 front Junkers Jumo 223 Aircraft Engine - The Junkers Jumo 223 was a 24-cylinder, diesel, opposed-piston, aircraft engine. The 2,500 hp (1,860 kW) engine was intended to be used in long-range aircraft during WWII.
Junkers Jumo 224 Junkers Jumo 224 Aircraft Engine - Following the Jumo 223, Junkers designed a larger, 24-cylinder, diesel, opposed-piston, aircraft engine that was forecasted to produce 4,400 hp (3,280 kW).
KHD Dz 710 test Klöckner-Humboldt-Deutz (KHD) Dz 700, Dz 710, and Dz 720 - Starting in the late 1930s and continuing through WWII, KHD built a series of two-stroke, diesel aircraft engines. The culmination of this effort was the 5,900 hp (4,400 kW), 32-cylinder KHD 720.
Lancia V-12 aircraft engine side Lancia V-12 Aircraft Engine - In 1916, Italian engineer Vincenzo Lancia built a V-12 aircraft engine that was installed in Caproni Ca 37 and Ca 38 aircraft. Lancia designed other V-12s for automotive use, but none of these engines entered production.
Marchetti MP Cam Action Marchetti Cam-Action Engines - Italian immigrant to the US, Paul Marchetti designed a number of crankless aircraft engines called cam-action engines in the 1920s. Marchetti had just started his business when he died in a crash while learning to fly.
Menasco Unitwin rear Menasco 2-544 Unitwin Aircraft Engine - In an attempt to create a more powerful engine, Al Menasco combined two six-cylinder engines to make the 1,090 cu in (17.9 L) U-12 Unitwin. Its 660 hp (492 kW) output fell short of the 700 hp (522 kW) forecasted.
The 1,000 hp, 16-cylinder Napier Cub. Below the propeller gear reduction are the two duplex carburetors with an induction pipe leading to each cylinder bank. Napier Cub (E66) – First 1,000 hp Aircraft Engine - When it was first run in 1920, the Napier Cub was the world’s most powerful aircraft engine. The 16-cylinder engine displaced 3,682 cu in (60.3 L) and produced 1,000 hp (746 kW) but was too large to be practical.
P-51 Voodoo One Second in the Life of a Racer – by Tom Fey - Tom Fey breaks down the inner workings of a race-prepped Merlin engine as it powers a modified P-51 Mustang to 480 mph around the course at the Reno Air Races.
Dreadnought R-4360 One Second on the Course with Dreadnought – by Tom Fey - Tom Fey breaks down the inner workings of the R-4360 engine installed in the Sanders Family’s air racer Dreadnought as it provides race-power on the course at the Reno Air Races.
REP 7-cylinder R.E.P. Fan (Semi-Radial) Aircraft Engines - Starting in 1906, French early aviation pioneer Robert Esnault-Pelterie designed a series of fan (or semi-radial) aircraft engines, the most popular of which had seven cylinders and displaced 230 cu in (3.8 L).
Reggiane Re 103 left side 1943 Reggiane Re 101 to Re 105 Aircraft Engines - During WWII, the Italian aircraft manufacturer Reggiane designed a few aircraft engines. Only the Re 103 was built. It was an inverted W-18 that produced 1,740 hp (1,298 kW) and displaced 2,435 cu in (39.9 L).
Roberts 6-X engine side Roberts Motor Company Aircraft Engines - During the 1910s, the Roberts Motor Company made a series of four- and six-cylinder aircraft engines. The two-stroke engines had open exhaust ports, a rotary intake valve, and exposed gearing.
Rolls-Royce Pennine engine shown without any exhaust stacks. The cylinders look very similar to those used by Bristol. The ring of studs around the propeller shaft are where the annular cooling fan would attach. Rolls-Royce Exe (Boreas) and Pennine Aircraft Engines - From the late 1930s to the mid-1940s, Rolls-Royce developed two air-cooled X-24 aircraft engines: the 1,200 hp (895 kW) Exe and the 2,800 hp (2,088 kW) Pennine. Neither engine entered production.
Sunbeam Sikh I Sunbeam Sikh I, II, and III Aircraft Engines - The Sunbeam Sikh were a series of powerful aircraft engines built in the 1920s. The V-12 Sikh I had six valves per cylinder and displaced 3,913 cu in (64.1 L). Only a small number of the Sikh engines were made.
tips-1917-18-cylinder-rotary-engine Tips Aero Motor Rotary Aircraft Engines - Designed by Maurice Tips, who was originally from Belgium, the Tips aircraft engines were a unique series of rotary engines with rotary valves.
The 22-Cylinder Wright R-4090 engine. (Aircraft Engine Historical Society image) Wright Aeronautical R-4090 Cyclone 22 Aircraft Engine - During WWII, Wright Aeronautical built the 3,000 hp (2,237 kW) twin-row R-4090 using 22 cylinders from the R-3350 engine. The R-4090 was abandoned as all resources were needed on the R-3350.
Zvezda M503 Rear Yakovlev M-501 and Zvezda M503 and M504 Diesel Engines - One of the largest aircraft engines ever built, the 42-cylinder Yakovlev M-501 was modified into the Zvezda M503 marine engine. A further redesign created the 56-cylinder Zvezda M504.